Colour combo - Navy and black

"They"  say (who ever "they" are) have told us that Navy and black should not been worn together.

Most of us have listened,  most of us even stuck to that rule until a few years ago.  black and navy is supposed to be hot now, It does look good if done right. The fabrics, tones, and textures must complement each other.

Navy and black can look chicer than ever. Black is the new navy and navy is the new black It's timeless and classy - if it's done the right way.

Fashionistas say Navy and Black are both neutrals (and neutrals always mix...)
the rule has always read is that "black dresses navy up, while brown dresses navy down"

How to wear black and navy together:

1) Have at least one main piece that’s black and one main piece that’s navy. Don’t just throw on a navy accessory with a black dress. In order to mix the unmixable colours, it needs to look intentional.
2) If you want to add in accent colours, keep them neutral – cream, white and grey are all great additions. Or play with adding stripes or a pattern!
3) Make sure that the navy piece you're wearing is obviously navy, and not one of those "Is this navy or black?" things in your closet.
Pair a navy tunic with black leggings, flat boots for comfort and style. Toss on a black slouchy cardigan if the weather turns chilly.
dark skinny jeans, a flowy navy blouse and a black boyfriend blazer
black shoes paired with navy socks ... not so much. But a chic navy dress accessorised with a black shawl, shoes or bag won’t alert the fashion police

A black wool pant with a beautiful navy silk blouse or cashmere sweater is nice because you have a heavy fabric paired with a lightweight luxurious fabric.
As long as there is a distinct difference i think it looks classy.

What do you think of wearing navy and black? Let me know your thoughts in the comments!

I hope you enjoyed this post!

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"Language of Fashion" Dictionary

Working in the industry we often have to speak the "language of Fashion" we have to know the different terminologies for many different items, that most people don't know about. There are so many out there, and might be referred to by other people as other names.

So, I thought I'd put together a small "dictionary" of just a few that I thought would be a good place to start for any person who wants to pursue fashion/clothing or a fashion student. Actually anyone interested in the knowledge of fashion.

All over - an embroidered, printed, or lace fabric with a design covering most of the surface (allover the surface). A design that is repeated across the entire surface of a garment. also known as a Rotary print

A-line - a dress or Skirt that is formed into the shape of an A, tight fitting at the waist and open at the bottom. This flattering silhouette is easy and comfortable to wear. It flares gently away from the body creating a soft, A-line shape. Fit for anybody.

Apparel - personal attire; clothing ; clothes ; garments ; fashions ; things one wears to cover the naked body.

Argyle - namely varicoloured diamonds on a solid background colour. pattern is made of diamonds in a diagonal checkerboard arrangement.

Avante garde - "unique crazy unwearable garments"

Binding - a narrow fabric used to finish raw edges. In sewing, binding is used as both a noun and a verb to refer to finishing a seam or hem of a garment, usually by rolling or pressing then stitching on an edging or trim.

Blouse - the word blouse is often utilized when referring to a women's shirt. An old definition that I found is as follows: a long loose over garment that resembles a shirt or smock and is worn especially by workmen, artists, and peasants; the jacket of a uniform; a usually loose-fitting garment that covers the body from the neck to the waist and is worn especially by women.

Body shirt - a close-fitting shirt or blouse; a woman's close-fitting top made with a sewn-in or snapped crotch.

Bodysuit - a close-fitting one-piece garment for the torso.

Bra Cups - the "padding" of a women's bra. cups have an underwire and fiberfill or foam lining molded into a specific shape.

Brocade - a rich oriental silk fabric with raised patterns in gold and silver. Cotton brocade often has the ground of cotton and the pattern of rayon and silk. Pattern is in low relief. Generally weaved in Jacquard and dobby. Rich, heavy, elaborate design effect. Sometimes with coloured or metallic threads making the design usually against a satin weave background. This makes the figures stand out. The figures in brocade are rather loose, while in damask the figure threads are actually bound into the material. The pattern may be satin on a twill ground or twill on a satin ground. Often reversible. The motifs may be of flowers, foliage, scrollwork, pastoral scene

Carded and Combed cotton - refers to the fiber preparation method of carding (brushing) and combing the fibers prior to spinning, in order to form a softer yarn which is best for soft knit items. Carding removes tangles in wool fibers. it is an important step in the processing of many textiles, ensuring that debris is removed while aligning the fibers to make them easier to spin. Combing is much more labor intensive. Fine toothed combs are used to straighten and align each individual fiber parallel to the direction of spinning AS the fiber is being spun. Unlike carding, combing cannot be done ahead of time. This produces a very smooth, very compactly spun yarn which is best suited for weaving.

Camisole - Historically, referred to jackets of various kinds. In modern usage a camisole or cami is a loose-fitting sleeveless women's undergarment which covers the top part of the body. A camisole typically has thin "spaghetti straps" and can be worn over a brassier or without one.

Chambray - made of Cotton. Weave: Plain weave or dobby designs on a plain-weave ground. Made with a dyed warp and a white or unbleached filling. Both carded and combed yarns used. Has a white selvedge. Some woven with alternating white and coloured warp. "Faded" look. Has very soft colouring. Some made with stripes, checks or embroidered. Smooth, strong, closely woven. Wears very well, easy to sew, and launders well. If not crease resistant, it wrinkles easily.

CMYK - Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black; the colours used when printing process colour (often referred to as 4-colour process). These are special pigment colours of ink that are very transparent. CMYK is used where a photo realistic look and many colours are required. The blending of these 4 primary colors can generate the effect of several other colours.

Couture house - Fashion designer house.

Couture - the art and practice of high-fashion designing and dressmaking.

Cover seam - cover stitch. Garment makers use the cover stitch to complete the hem on pants, shirts and skirts. The stitch consists of two rows of thread with a third thread looping around them. 

Draping - dress, or hang with or as if with cloth in loose folds. Technique used by designers to create garments by draping fabric on dress form.

Denim - A sturdy cotton twill fabric, typically blue, used for jeans, overalls, and other clothing. with coloured warp and white filling threads

Dolman sleeve - is a full sleeve that is very wide at the armhole and narrow at the wrist. This type of sleeve tends to draw attention to the shoulder and arm.

Double-face Satin - yarn woven with two warps and one filling, to simulate a double satin construction. Has satin on both sides.

DTM - abbreviation for Dyed To Match. For example, on a spec sheet it may indicate that the buttons are DTM buttons. This means the buttons are to be dyed to match the ground colour of the garment (or dyed to match another colour of the garment as specified).

Empire waist - waist which begins immediately below the bust.

Garment - an article of clothing.

Greige - Not bleached or dyed; unfinished. an unbleached or undyed cloth or yarn.

Gore - middle piece of a bra between the two cups.

Harem pants - women's loose trousers that fit closely at the ankle.

Hemming - Turn under and sew the edge of (a piece of cloth or clothing).

Hook & eye - A clothes fastener consisting of a small blunt metal hook that is inserted in a corresponding loop or eyelet.

Interlock - a stretchable fabric made on a circular knitting machine and consisting of two ribbed fabrics joined by interlocking. 

Kimono - a long robe with wide sleeves traditionally worn with a broad sash as an outer garment by the Japanese; a loose dressing gown or jacket.

Kimono sleeve - it is constructed as a wide rectangle from a dropped shoulder. 

Knickers - loose-fitting short pants gathered at the knee.

Knit fabric - intertwining yarn or thread in a series of connected loops either by hand, with knitting needles, or on a machine, To join closely; unite securely.

Lab dip - a solid colour fabric dyed to match a given colour standard.

Mandarin collar - a narrow stand-up collar usually open in front.

Millinery - women's apparel for the head.

Negligee - a woman's long flowing usually sheer dressing gown; careless informal or incomplete attire.

Outerwear - clothing for outdoor wear. 

Outfit - wearing apparel with accessories usually for a special occasion or activity.

Overall - loose protective trousers worn over regular clothes; [Plural] trousers of strong material usually with a bib and shoulder straps; a loose-fitting protective smock worn over regular clothes

- An overlock stitch sews over the edge of one or two pieces of cloth for edging, hemming or seaming. Usually an overlock sewing machine will cut the edges of the cloth as they are fed through, to create finished seams easily and quickly.

Paisley - a fabric made typically of soft woven. printed with colourful curved abstract figures.

Pattern - an outline of a garment on paper. It embodies usually all the pieces necessary to cut a complete garment from material.

Pattern maker - takes an existing sketch and create a 2-dimensional paper pattern. This pattern is used to cut pieces from cloth that will be sewn into a garment or other products.

Pedal pushers - women's and girls' calf-length trousers.

Peter pan collar - a usually small flat close-fitting collar with rounded ends that meet in front.

PFP - prepare-for-print.

Pilling - formation of little balls of fibres (pills) on the surface of a fabric. Caused by abrasion in wear. Pilling is often found when producing flannel. Better quality, has less pilling.

Pin tuck - special detailing, Narrow sewn rows of fabric that give a decorative raised look to a garment. Some bloused are made with pin tucking on the bodice for a more tailored look.

Pinstripe - a suit with pinstripes, namely a very thin stripe especially on a fabric.. A pattern of very thin stripes running in parallel found in cloth is also called pin stripes. Although found mostly in men's suits, any type of fabric can be pin striped.

Piping - a narrow tube of fabric, sometimes enclosing a cord, used for trimming seams and edges, as of slipcovers or suits. 

Placket - multiple layers of fabric that are used to attach buttons to button holes, which in turn creates the opening & closer for shirts.

Retail - Retailers are defined as those establishments that sell merchandise, generally without transformation, and attract customers using methods such as advertising, point-of-sale location, and display of merchandise. A store retailer has a selling place open to the public; merchandise on display or available through sales clerks; facilities for making cash or credit card transactions; and services provided to retail customers. 

Retail price - price set for items sold to the general public. The last mark-up in the cost to bring an item to a particular consumer store. Please note, many items will have a suggested retail price set by a manufacturer. This price does in no way constitute a products' value as "suggested retail prices" are often overlooked by retailers and priced according to market and/or trends.

Shrug - a woman's small waist-length or shorter jacket.

Shirring - To gather (cloth) into decorative rows by parallel stitching. Gather (an area of fabric or part of a garment) by drawn or elasticised threads in parallel rows.

Spandex - clothing made of spandex, namely any of various elastic textile fibers made chiefly of polyurethane. Any of various elastic textile fibers made chiefly of polyurethane.

Spaghetti straps - A thing shoulder strap on an item of women's clothing.

Spec - made according to the specifications of an individual buyer.

S.P.I - stitches per inch.

Smocking - Needlework decoration of small, regularly spaced gathers stitched into a honeycomb pattern so that the part below the gathers hangs in even folds.

Strike-off - a test length of fabric specially printed in order to check the pattern registration, pattern repeat and the matching shades in the design.

Stitch - A loop of thread or yarn resulting from a single pass or movement of the needle in sewing, knitting, or crocheting. 

Swatches - A sample, esp. of fabric.

Sweetheart bust - A type of bust line used to describe a garment -instead of collar type, because of the lack of a collar- when the bust line is shaped like the top of a heart (heart as in symbol, not organ). Commonly found in formal dresses from the 1950's.

Tank top - a sleeveless collarless shirt with usually wide shoulder straps and no front opening.

Tacking - a temporary stitching in an object to hold it together while sewing (to be removed afterwards)

Textile - a woven or knit cloth. The term is used generically to define many various fabrics. The word is sometimes used to define an entire industry. 

Thong - a sandal held on the foot by a thong fitting between the toes and connected to a strap across the top or around the sides of the foot. A thong is also a version of underwear or swimwear.

Thread - a slender, strong strand or cord, especially one designed for sewing or other needle work. Most threads are made by plying and twisting yarns. A wide variety of thread types is in use today e.g. spun cotton and spun polyester, core-spun cotton with a polyester filament core, polyester or nylon filaments (often bonded) , and monofilament threads.

Thread count - measured by adding the number of warp ends per inch and filling picks per square inch in the woven fabric. The higher the number, the more dense the yarns are packed together. The quality of the cotton and the finishing process after weaving can often be more important to the soft hand and durability of a fabric than a high thread count.

Trims - are usual found on a garments like buttons, lace, sequins etc

Turtleneck - a high close-fitting turnover collar up around the neck used especially for sweaters; 

Warp - the yarns that run the length of the loom. The warp yarns are pulled through the loom as the weft or filling yarns are woven across the warp to make the fabric.

Weft knit - a knit fabric produced in machine or hand knitting with the yarns running crosswise or in a circle.

Welt pocket - An inset pocket with the lower lip finished by an upstanding welt that may be from. With two lips it is called a 'reece' pocket.

Wings - side part of a bra that wraps the body with the hook and eye.

Woven - Woven fabric has basically three weaves. Twill Weave, plain weave and satin weave. All weaves, either simple, elaborate or complex, are derived from these three weaves.

Yarn - a generic term for a continuous strand spun from a group of natural or synthetic staple Fibers, or filaments, used in weaving, knitting to form textile fabrics. 

Yarn dyed - 1) The dyeing of yarn before weaving or knitting. 2) Fabrics woven or knitted with yarns which have been dyed.

I hope this list of fashion diction will help you on your road in the Fashion Industry.

Thank you so much for reading!
Till' next time xo


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2011 Spring / Summer Fashion Trends, Styles and Clothing.

After the dull winter, everybody wants to welcomes a cheerful and colourful spring. This is the perfect time to refresh your wardrobe. As spring quickly approaches, as fashionistas we long to know what’s in style, what trends to follow and what’s hot to wear. Some of you may already know what the trends are for this season, but for those that don't I thought I would let you know!!

1. Colour - you can enjoy a real colour increase this Spring. What is more welcoming than a cheerful, colourful spring? Vibrant brights are big this season...think jewel tones, and Fruit tones, different shades of blue, emerald green, tropical coral, dusty pink, or champagne. So step out this season in a splash of beautiful bolds!

2. “Maxi”­ - is a key element when describing spring/summer 2011 dresses. This type of dresses never goes out of style, from boho to girly to preppy. In Spring/ Summer 2011 the number of maxis has increased significantly. Dresses have become airier, lighter, and more flowing. And majority of items come with prints.

3. The Jumpsuit - is among the hottest fashionable pieces. Jumpsuits come in so many different versions. It makes a bold statement for Spring 2011, there are Many different silhouettes, Prints and colours, there is something for everyone, choose your style based on the statement you want to make.

4. 1970’s Fashion - This next trend is for all retro lovers. For spring/summer 2011 get ready to rock the new '70s-inspired fashion style, the '70s dresses have amazing ink, sapphire, or emerald colours. '70s-inspired bottoms were back with a vengeance. Create the retro look with floaty tops, platforms and skinny belts.!

5. The Re-Return of the Wide-Leg Trouser - If you had enough of the skinny domination, you should know that it will soon be over as spring 2011 brings the high-waisted flare jeans, Wide pants have also come to us from the far 70s. They are comfy, stylish and often elegant. But there are plenty of more modern and youthful designs. Wide leg trouser with high waist comes as one possible form of wide pants that are totally trendy in Spring/ Summer 2011-fashion season.

6. Lace and Crochet – Crochet has made a comeback this season. Designers such as Dior and Chanel introduced great crochet pieces to the fashion world. The crochet trend has been redesigned, Some skirts, shirts and dresses all made appearances on runways. It’s all about intricacy, quality and a luxury edge.

Lace is big this season; it is being used as never before. Lace was used in many different mediums and styling’s. In evening wear evening wear evening wear lingerie, but ready to wear, shoes, and handbags, you name it... Lace is used in full looks as well as a detail within trims and embellishments. Pretty much just about anything you can think of!

7. Colour blocking - the colour blocking fashion trend becomes very strong for Spring/Summer, A blend combination colours of hot pink, emerald-green, lemon yellow, tangerine, turquoise and many others. Brighter is better for colour block trend 2011. Two or three different colours worn as solid blocks. It's a strong, bold look. . Clashing colour is great way to wear this look.

Colour Palette 

Not sure what colours you should be wearing this Summer...

Look no further... Below you will find all the colour trends that were seen on the catwalks of Paris, Milan, New York and London.

Orange. It’s vibrant and energetic and seems to be the most exciting colour trend of Spring/ Summer 2011 fashion season — Rich mango, persimmon, ripe pumpkin, bold orange is one of spring's sweetest colour trends. this intense shade feels fresh once again

White. This colour is in almost every Spring/ Summer 2011 collection. Now not only short white dresses are in trend, white shirts, skinny white pants and maxi dresses in a variety of textures. White is the new black this season. Head to toe white or mostly white with bursts of colours in your shoes and accessories are the best way to wear this trend.

Deep purple and bright Pink These tones aren’t among the hottest colour trends of Spring/ Summer 2011 but we can’t ignore them. Designers played with deep purple, dark violet, and neon pink, and though they used these scarcely the collections became more cheerful.

Light grey and stone. While grey and stone tones may be considered dull and boring they look incredibly good in combinations with other tones. You can do this or try a total grey look with a couple of pretty accessories.

Lemon. Lemon in all its possible variations looks great. From very pale to very bright, lemon color was present on all the fashion runways.

Black. Every season I write that black is the trend, and I’m sure I’ll do it again and again. Black is elegant and slimming, and these are the characteristics we love it for.

Blue and navy. Blue is a fantastic colour in terms of using it in clothing. Garments of this tone become universal pieces as it is easily teamed up with other tones and prints. electric blue, and more subdued tints or play with different tones of blue.

Light green. Like it or not, but it is a Spring/ Summer 2011 trend. green colour in various shades will be in used in varied ways besides being used for green products and companies.

Prints are going to be very trendy in Spring/ Summer 2011

Printed Matter—Even if everyone is copying, we still can't get enough of prints. And spring/summer basically turned up the volume: think bigger, louder, more playful and expressive than ever, from the sweet fruit prints to bold animal prints that were...well, everywhere.

Printed dresses for spring and summer are nothing new, but this season's floral fancies have been given a reworking, making them more interesting than ever, geometric prints into classic florals, Paisley prints, to animalistic, prints are in in in!

  There are so many summer/spring trends out right now, we can barely keep up.
Spring 2011 is about comfort, laid-back styles, as well as relaxation

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